Showing posts with label Award. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Award. Show all posts

Monday, April 11, 2011

Republic Day Honours and Awards

Republic Day Honours and Awards


Gallantry Awards
Param Vir Chakra : The highest decoration for valour is the Param Vir Chakra which is awarded for the most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice in the. presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air.

The decoration is made of bronze and is circular in shape. It has, on the obverse, four replicas of "Indra's Vajra" embossed round the State emblem in the centre. On the reverse, the words "Param Vir Chakra" are embossed both in Hindi and English with two lotus flowers in the middle.

The decoration is worn on the left breast with a plain, purple coloured riband about 3.2 cm in width.

Mahavir Chakra : Mahavir Chakra is the second highest decoration for valour and is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air.

It is made of standard silver and is circular in shape. Embossed on the obverse is a five pointed heraldic star with domed centre-piece bearing the gilded State emblem in the centre, The words "Mahavir Chakra" are embossed both in Hindi and English on the reverse with two lotus flowers in the middle. The decoration is worn on the left breast with a half-white and half-orange riband about 3.2 cm in width, the orange being near the left shoulder.

Vir Chakra : Vir Chakra is third in the order of awards given for the act of gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air.

The decoration is made of standard silver and is circular in shape. Embossed on the obverse is a five pointed heraldic star which has an Ashoka Chakra in the centre. Within this chakra, there is a domed centre-piece bearing gilded State emblem. On the reverse, the words "Vir Chakra" are embossed, both in Hindi and English, with two lotus flowers in the middle. The Chakra is worn on the left breast with a half-blue and half­orange riband, about 3.2 cm in width, the orange being nearer the left shoulder.

Ashok Chakra : Ashok Chakra is the highest award for gallantry during peacetime. Three Army personnel were awarded the Ashok Chakra on August 14, 2007, on the eve of the country's 60th Independence Day. The awardees included Col. Vasanth Venugopal, Captain R. Harshan and Naib Subedar Chunni Lal. .All of them were awarded posthumously.

Kirti Chakra : The decoration is the nation's second highest award for gallantry during peacetime. It is made of standard silver and is circular in shape. The obverse and the reverse are exactly the same as in Ashok Chakra.

The Chakra is worn on the left breast with a green silk riband, about 3.2 cm in width and divided into equal segments by two orange vertical lines.

Kirti Chakras for 2007 were awarded on August 14, 2007, to six people including three Army officers and as many civilians. The recipients were Captain Abhinav Handa of 9 Maratha Light Infantry, Lt. Pankaj Kumar of 7/11 Gorkha Rifles, Naik Radhakrishnan of 10 Madras regiment, Dayanand Pandey (posthumously), Mohammad Shan Ahmad (posthumously) and Tarun Kumar Dutta (posthumously).

Shaurya Chakra : The decoration is awarded for an act of gallantry. It is exactly like Ashok Chakra, except that it is made of bronze.

The Chakra is worn on the left breast with a green silk riband, about 3.2 cm in width and divided into four equal segments by three orange vertical lines.

Of the 20 personnel who were awarded Shaurya Chakras in 2007, 19 belonged to the Army and one to the Air Force. Nine of them got the award posthumously.

Param Vishisht Seva Medal, Ati Vishisht Seva Medal, Vishisht Seva Medal : The Vishisht Seva (Distinguished Service) Medals are awarded to personnel of all the three services in recognition of distinguished service of the "most exceptional", "exceptional" and "high" order, respectively. Param Vishisht Seva Medal is made of gold, Ati Vishisht Seva Medal of standard silver and Vishisht Seva Medal of bronze, all circular in shape and 3.5 cm in diameter. Each medal has on its obverse five pointed stars and on its reverse the Lion Capitol. Its riband is golden with one dark-blue stripe down the centre for Param Vishisht Seva Medal, two dark-blue stripes dividing it into three equal parts for Ati Vishisht Seva Medal and three dark-blue stripes dividing it into four equal parts for Vishisht Seva Medal.

On January 26, 2007, 19 Senior Army Officers were decorated with Param Vishisht Seva Medals (PVSM). Besides these officers, other military personnel were also given gallantry awards on the nation's 57th Republic Day. The then President Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam approved four Bar to Sena Medals (Gallantry), one Bar to Ati Vishisht Seva Medal, 52 Ati Vishisht Seva Medals, one Yudh Seva Medal, four Bar to Vishisht Seva Medals, 123 Vishisht Seva Medals, two Bar to Sena Medals, 41 Sena Medals;12 Nao Sena Medals and 15 Vayu Sena Medals.

Other National Awards

Other National Awards



Adiseshiah Award
The 2007 Dr. Malcolm Adiseshiah Award was given to Dr. Ramachandra Guha, Bengaluru-based social scientist and writer. The announcement was made by Mr. H.B.N. Shetty, Executive officer of the Malcolm and Elizabeth Adiseshiah Trust and Prof. A. Vydhianathan, a trust Member in Chennai on April 18, 2007.

Asian Young Scientist Award
Mr. S.K. Satheesh of Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala), Associate Professor at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, has won the Asian Young Scientist Award 2007 of the Asian Research Assembly in aerosol research. The award would be presented to him at a function in Taiwan.

Banarsi Das Gupta Rashtra Gaurav Puraskar
Ms. Nirmala Deshpande won the first Banarsi Das Gupta Rashtra Gaurav Puraskar in New Delhi on November 5, 2007.

Basava Award
The Karnataka Government has honoured the former President Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam with the 2006-07 Basava Award in recognition of his services to the country. The award comprises Rs. 10 lakh, a memento and a citation.

Bharat Bhushan Agrawal Award
The Bharat Bhushan Agrawal Award for the best Hindi poem of the year has been conferred on Mr. Geet Chaturvedi from Jalandhar for his poem Mother India published in the October 2006 issue of journal Vagarth.

Bharatiya Shiromani Puraskar
Gandhian and former US Ambassador, Mr. Phillips Talbot has been presented the 'Bharatiya Shiromani Puraskar' in New Delhi for his outstanding service to the cause of the promotion of Indo­US relations. The award was presented to mark the 76th anniversary of the historic Dandi March. Mr. R.K. Sinha, SE (E&M) of Bharat Coking Coal Limited, New Delhi, was also awarded 'Bharatiya Shiromani Puraskar' for excellent performance on July 26, 2007.

BHEL Bage Excellence Award
Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) has been conferred the prestigious Institute of Cost and Works Accountants of India National Award for Excellence in Cost Management 2006 in New Delhi on July 3, 2007.

Background of Nobel Foundation

Background of Nobel Foundation

Alfred Bernhard Nobel
Nobel was born on October 21, 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden. Nobel, who invented dynamite, endowed a $9 million fund in his will. The interest on this endowment was to be used as awards for people whose work most benefited humanity. He wanted the profit from his invention to be used to reward human ingenuity. First awarded in 1901, the Nobel Prize ,is still the. most honoured in the world.

In 1842 Nobel's family moved to St. Petersburg, Russia where he obtained his education. He travelled widely as a young man, becoming fluent in five languages. Nobel was interested in literature and wrote novels, poetry and plays in his spare time. In the 1860s he began experiments with nitroglycerin in his father's factory. He tried many ways to stabilise this highly volatile material. Nobel discovered that a mix of
nitroglycerin and a fine porous powder called kieselguhr was most effective. He named this mixture as dynamite, and received a patent in 1867.

He set up factories around the world to manufacture dynamite and other explosives. Construction and mining companies, and the military ordered large quantities of this relatively safe explosive. Sales of dynamite brought Nobel great wealth. His other chemical research provided valuable information on the development. of artificial rubber, leather, silk and precious stones.
 
Background and Establishment of the Nobel Foundation
Alfred Nobel died on Dec. 10, 1 896. The provisions of his will and their unusual purpose, as well as their partly incomplete form, attracted great attention and soon led to skepticism and criticism, also aimed at the testator due to his international spirit. Only after several years of negotiations and often rather bitter conflicts, and after various obstacles had been circumvented or overcome, could the fundamental concepts presented in the will assume solid form with the establishment of the Nobel Foundation.

On. June 29, 1900, after series of alterations, suggestions, modifications, the Statutes of the newly created legatee, the Nobel Foundation, and special regulations for the Swedish Prize-Awarding Institutions were promulgated by the King in Council (Oscar II). The same year as the political union between Sweden and Norway was dissolved in 1905, special regulations were adopted on April 10, 1905, by the Nobel Committee of the Storting (known since January 1, 1977 as the Norwegian Nobel Committee), the awarder of the Nobel Peace Prize.

Premises : To create a worthy framework around the prizes, the Board decided at an early stage that it would erect its own building in Stockholm, which would include a hall for the Prize Award Ceremony and Banquet as well as its own administrative offices. Ferdinand Boberg was selected as the architect. He presented an ambitious proposal for a Nobel Palace, which generated extensive publicity but also led to doubts and questions. On Dee. 19, 1918, a building at Sturegatan 14 was bought for this purpose. After years of renovation there, the Foundation finally left its cramped premises at Norrlandsgatan 6 in 1926 and moved to Sturegatan, 14, where the Foundation has been housed ever since.

Objectives of the Foundation : The Nobel Foundation is a private institution. It is entrusted with protecting the common interests of the Prize Awarding Institutions named in the will, as well as representing the Nobel institutions externally. This includes informational activities as well as arrangements related to the presentation of the Nobel Prizes. The Foundation is not, however, involved in the selection process and the final choice of the Laureates (as Nobel Prize winners are also called). In this work, the Prize-Awarding Institutions are not only entirely independent of all government agencies and organisations, but also of the Nobel Foundation. Their autonomy is of crucial importance to the objectivity and quality of their prize decisions. One vital task of the Foundation is to manage its assets in such a way as to safeguard the financial base of the prizes themselves and of the prize selection process.

Statutes and Significant Amendments during 100 Years : The Statutes, as revised in 2000, assign roles to the different bodies or individuals in the Nobel Foundation's activities.

The first Board of Directors of the Nobel Foundation was elected by the Trustees on September 27, 1900 (Hans Forsell, Ragrar Tornebladh, Henrik Santesson, and Ragnar Sdhlman, with Mauritz Salin and Oscar Montelius as Deputies). On the following day, former Prime Minister Erik Gustaf Bostrom was appointed Chairman of the Board by the King in Council with the Justice of the Supreme Court C. G. Hernmarck as Deputy. On October 3, 1900 the Board elected Assistant Circuit Judge Henrik Santesson as the first Executive Director of the Foundation. Effective on January 1, 1901 the Board assumed management of the Foundation's assets.

Financial Management : The main task of the Nobel Foundation is to safeguard the financial base of the Nobel Prizes and of the work connected to the selection of the Nobel Laureates.

In its role as a financial manager, the Nobel Foundation resembles an investment company. The investment policy of the Foundation is naturally of the greatest importance in preserving and increasing its funds, thereby ensuring the size of the Nobel Prizes.

Then, in 1953, the Government approved a radical liberalisation of the investment rules. The Foundation was granted a more extensive freedom to manage its capital independently, as well as the opportunity to invest in stocks and real estate. Freedom of investment, coupled with tax-exemption and the financial expertise of the Board, led to a transformation from passive to active management. This can be regarded as a landmark change in the role of the Foundation's Board. During the 1960s and I 970s, the value of the Nobel Prizes multiplied in Swedish krona terms but rapid inflation meanwhile undermined their real value, leaving each prize largely unchanged. The same was true of the Foundation's capital.

The first Nobel Prize in 1901 amounted to SEK 150,000, equivalent to SEK 7.4 million in 2006 money.

By 1991, the Foundation had restored the Nobel Prizes to their 1901 real value. Today the nominal fund capital of the Nobel Foundation is about SEK 3.6 billion. In 2006 each of the five Nobel Prizes as well as the Economics Prize was worth SEK 10 million (about USD 1.45 million). This is well above the nominal value of the entire original fund, and higher than the real value of the original prizes. Since January I, 2000, the Nobel Foundation has also been permitted to apply the capital gains from the sale of assets toward the prize amounts.

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel : On the occasion of its 300th anniversary in 1968, the Sveriges Riksbank (Sweden's central bank) made a large donation to the Nobel Foundation. A Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel has been awarded since 1969. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences is entrusted with the role of Prize Awarding-Institution, in accordance with Nobel Prize rules. The Board of the Nobel Foundation has subsequently decided that it will allow no further new prizes.

Nobel Symposia : An important addition to the activities of the Nobel Foundation is its Symposium program, which was initiated in 1965 and has achieved a high international standing. Approximately
135 Nobel Symposia, dealing with topics at the frontiers of science and culture and related to the Prize categories, have taken place.

Nobel Festivities : The Nobel Foundation is an "investment company" with rather unusual facets. Every year this investment company moves into show business by organising the Nobel Festivities and numerous related arrangements that take place in December. The Nobel Foundation is responsible for organising the Nobel Festivities in Stockholm, while in Norway the Norwegian Nobel Committee is in 'Charge of the corresponding arrangements. On December 10, 1901, the Nobel Prizes were awarded for the first time in Stockholm and in Christiania (now Oslo) respectively.

Christiania / Oslo
The King of Norway is present, but it is the Chairman of the Nobel Committee who hands over the Prize to the Laureate or Laureates. The Nobel Banquet in Norway is a dignified formal occasion, but much less pretentious than the Banquet in Stockholm. It takes place at the Grand Hotel in Oslo, with approximately 250 guests.

A New Century : After more than a hundred years of existence, the Nobel Prizes - as well as the centenarian Nobel Foundation - have become solid institutions, based on a great tradition since their beginning. The original criticisms aimed at the whole idea of the Nobel Prizes have faded into oblivion. Both in Sweden and in Norway, the awarding of the prizes is regarded as an event of national importance. The Nobel Foundation has now entered a new century, with museum and exhibition projects, while being able to look back at its past successes in many fields.

83rd Annual Academy Award Winners

83rd Annual Academy Award Winners

List of the 83rd Annual Academy Award Winners announced Sunday 27 February, 2011:

1. Best Picture: "The King's Speech."

2. Actor: Colin Firth, "The King's Speech."

3. Actress: Natalie Portman, "Black Swan."

4. Supporting Actor: Christian Bale, "The Fighter."

5. Supporting Actress: Melissa Leo, "The Fighter."

6. Directing: Tom Hooper, "The King's Speech."

7. Foreign Language Film: "In a Better World," Denmark.

8. Adapted Screenplay: Aaron Sorkin, "The Social Network."

9. Original Screenplay: David Seidler, "The King's Speech."

10. Animated Feature Film: "Toy Story 3."

11. Art Direction: "Alice in Wonderland."

12. Cinematography: "Inception."

13. Sound Mixing: "Inception."

14. Sound Editing: "Inception."

15. Original Score: "The Social Network," Trent Reznor and Atticus Ross.

16. Original Song: "We Belong Together" from "Toy Story 3," Randy Newman.

17. Costume Design: "Alice in Wonderland."

18. Documentary Feature: "Inside Job."

19. Documentary (short subject): "Strangers No More."

20. Film Editing: "The Social Network."

21. Makeup: "The Wolfman."

22. Animated Short Film: "The Lost Thing."

23. Live Action Short Film: "God of Love."

24. Visual Effects: "Inception."

Miss Universe (1952-2010)

Miss Universe (1952-2010)


Miss Universe 1952 - Armi Kuusela, Finland
Miss Universe 1953 - Christiane Martel, France
Miss Universe 1954 - Miriam Stevenson, USA
Miss Universe 1955 - Hellevi Rombin, Sweden
Miss Universe 1956 - Carol Morris, USA
Miss Universe 1957 - Gladys Zender, Peru
Miss Universe 1958 - Luz Marina Zuluaga, Columbia
Miss Universe 1959 - Akiko Kojima, Japan
Miss Universe 1960 - Linda Bement ,USA
Miss Universe 1961 - Marlene Schmidt, Germany
Miss Universe 1962 - Norma Nolan, Argentina
Miss Universe 1963 - Idea Maria Vargas, Brazil
Miss Universe 1964 - Corinna Tsopei, Greece
Miss Universe 1965 - Apasra Hongsakula, Thailand
Miss Universe 1966 - Margareta Arvidsson, Sweden
Miss Universe 1967 - Sylvia Hitchcock, USA
Miss Universe 1968 - Martha Vasconcellos, Brazil
Miss Universe 1969 - Gloria Diaz, Philippines
Miss Universe 1970 - Marisol Malaret, Puerto Rico
Miss Universe 1971 - Georgia Risk, Lebanon
Miss Universe 1972 - Kerry Anne Wells ,Australia
Miss Universe 1973 - Margarita Moran, Philippines
Miss Universe 1974 - Amparo Munoz, Spain
Miss Universe 1975 - Anne Marie Puhtamo, Finland
Miss Universe 1976 - Rina Messinger, Israel
Miss Universe 1977 - Janelle Commissiong, Trinidad & Tobago
Miss Universe 1978 - Margaret Gardiner, South Africa
Miss Universe 1979 - Maritza Sayalero, Venezuela
Miss Universe 1980 - Shawn Weatherly, USA
Miss Universe 1981 - Irene Saez, Venezuela
Miss Universe 1982 - Karen Baldwin, Canada
Miss Universe 1983 - Lorraine Downes, New Zealand
Miss Universe 1984 - Yvonne Ryding, Sweden
Miss Universe 1985 - Deborah Carthy-Deu, Puerto Rico
Miss Universe 1986 - Barbara Palacios Teyde, Venezuela
Miss Universe 1987 - Cecilia Bolocco, Chile
Miss Universe 1988 - Porntip Nakhirunkanok, Thailand
Miss Universe 1989 - Angela Visser, Holland
Miss Universe 1990 - Mona Grudt, Norway
Miss Universe 1991 - Lupita Jones, Mexico
Miss Universe 1992 - Michelle McLean, Namibia
Miss Universe 1993 - Dayanara Torres, Puerto Rico
Miss Universe 1994 - Sushmita Sen, India 
Miss Universe 1995 - Chelsi Smith, USA
Miss Universe 1996 - Alicia Machado, Venezuela
Miss Universe 1997 - Brook Lee, USA
Miss Universe 1998 - Wendy Fitzwilliam, Trinidad & Tobago
Miss Universe 1999 - Mpule Kwelagobe, Botswana
Miss Universe 2000 - Lara Dutta, India
Miss Universe 2001 - Denise M. Quiñones, Puerto Rico
Miss Universe 2002 - Oksana Fyodorova, Russia
Miss Universe 2002 - Justine Pasek, Panama
Miss Universe 2003 - Amelia Vega Polanco, Dominican Republic
Miss Universe 2004 - Jennifer Hawkins, Australia
Miss Universe 2005 - Natalie Glebova, Canada
Miss Universe 2006 - Zuleyka Riviera Mendoza, Puerto Rico
Miss Universe 2007 - Riyo Mori, Japan
Miss Universe 2008 - Dayana Mendoza, Venezuela
Miss Universe 2009 - Stefanía Fernández, Venezuela
Miss Universe 2010 - Jimena Navarrete, Mexico

Miss World (1951-2010)

Miss World (1951-2010)

Miss World 1951 - Kiki Haakonson, Sweden
Miss World 1952 - May Louise Flodin, Sweden
Miss World 1953 - Denise Perrier, France
Miss World 1954 - Antigone Costanda, Egypt
Miss World 1955 - Carmen Zubillaga, Venezuela
Miss World 1956 - Petra Schurmann, Germany
Miss World 1957 - Marita Lindahl, Finland
Miss World 1958 - Penelope Coelen, South Africa
Miss World 1959 - Corine Rottschafer, Holland
Miss World 1960 - Norma Cappagli, Argentina
Miss World 1961 - Rosemarie Frankland, United Kingdom
Miss World 1962 - Catharine Lodders, Holland
Miss World 1963 - Carole Crawford, Jamaica
Miss World 1964 - Ann Sidney, United Kingdom
Miss World 1965 - Lesley Langley, United Kingdom
Miss World 1966 - Reita Faria, India 
Miss World 1967 - Madeiline Hartog Bel, Peru
Miss World 1968 - Penelope Plummer, Australia
Miss World 1969 - Eva Reuber Staier, Austria
Miss World 1970 - Jennifer Hosten, Grenada
Miss World 1971 - Lucia Petterle, Brazil
Miss World 1972 - Belina Green, Australia
Miss World 1973 - Marjorie Wallace, USA
Miss World 1974 - Anneline Kriel, South Africa
Miss World 1975 - Winelia Merced, Puerto Rico
Miss World 1976 - Cindy Breakspeare, Jamaica
Miss World 1977 - Mary Stavin, Sweden
Miss World 1978 - Silvana Suarez, Argentina
Miss World 1979 - Gina Swainson, Bermuda
Miss World 1980 - Kimberly Santos, Guam
Miss World 1981 - Pilin Leon, Venezuela
Miss World 1982 - Mariasela Lebron, Dominican Republic
Miss World 1983 - Sarah Jane Hutt, United Kingdom
Miss World 1984 - Astrid Herrera, Venezuela
Miss World 1985 - Hofi Karlsdottir, Iceland
Miss World 1986 - Giselle Laronde, Trinidad
Miss World 1987 - Ulla Weigerstorfer, Austria
Miss World 1988 - Linda Petursdottir, Iceland
Miss World 1989 - Andeta Kreglicka, Poland
Miss World 1990 - Gina Marie Tolleson, USA
Miss World 1991 - Ninebeth Jiminez, Venezuela
Miss World 1992 - Julia Kourotchkina, Russia
Miss World 1993 - Lisa Hanna, Jamaica
Miss World 1994 - Aishwariya Rai, India
Miss World 1995 - Jacqueline Aquilera, Venezuela
Miss World 1996 - Irene Skliva ,Greece
Miss World 1997 - Diana Hayden, India 
Miss World 1998 - Linor Abargil, Israel
Miss World 1999 - Yukta Mookhey, India
Miss World 2000 - Priyanka Chopra, India

Miss World 2001 - Ibiagbanidokibubo Asenite Darego—Nigeria
Miss World 2002 - Azra Akin—Turkey
Miss World 2003 - Rosanna Davidson, Ireland
Miss World 2004 - Maria Julia Mantilla Garcia, Peru
Miss World 2005 - Unnur Birna Vilhjalmsdottir, Iceland
Miss World 2006 - Tat’ana Kucharova, Czech Republic
Miss World 2007 - Zhang Zhi Li, China PR
Miss World 2008 - Ksenia Sukhinova, Russia
Miss World 2009 - Kaiane Aldorino, Gibraltar
Miss World 2010 - Alexandria Mills, USA

Tuesday, March 8, 2011

Name of Nobel Awardees for Nobel Physics Prize

the Nobel Physics Prize has been awarded for both pioneering discoveries and groundbreaking inventions. The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 1901 the very first Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Wilhelm Röntgen for his discovery of X-rays.
Year Name of Nobel Laureates
2010 Andre Geim, Konstantin Novoselov
2009 Charles Kuen Kao, Willard S. Boyle, George E. Smith
2008 Yoichiro Nambu, Makoto Kobayashi, Toshihide Maskawa
2007 Albert Fert, Peter Grünberg
2006 John C. Mather, George F. Smoot
2005 Roy J. Glauber, John L. Hall, Theodor W. Hänsch
2004 David J. Gross, H. David Politzer, Frank Wilczek
2003 Alexei A. Abrikosov, Vitaly L. Ginzburg, Anthony J. Leggett
2002 Raymond Davis Jr., Masatoshi Koshiba, Riccardo Giacconi
2001 Eric A. Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle, Carl E. Wieman
2000 Zhores I. Alferov, Herbert Kroemer, Jack S. Kilby
1999 Gerardus ‘t Hooft, Martinus J.G. Veltman
1998 Robert B. Laughlin, Horst L. Störmer, Daniel C. Tsui
1997 Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, William D. Phillips
1996 David M. Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff, Robert C. Richardson
1995 Martin L. Perl, Frederick Reines
1994 Bertram N. Brockhouse, Clifford G. Shull
1993 Russell A. Hulse, Joseph H. Taylor Jr.
1992 Georges Charpak
1991 Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
1990 Jerome I. Friedman, Henry W. Kendall, Richard E. Taylor
1989 Norman F. Ramsey, Hans G. Dehmelt, Wolfgang Paul
1988 Leon M. Lederman, Melvin Schwartz, Jack Steinberger
1987 J. Georg Bednorz, K. Alexander Müller
1986 Ernst Ruska, Gerd Binnig, Heinrich Rohrer
1985 Klaus von Klitzing
1984 Carlo Rubbia, Simon van der Meer
1983 Subramanyan Chandrasekhar, William Alfred Fowler
1982 Kenneth G. Wilson
1981 Nicolaas Bloembergen, Arthur Leonard Schawlow, Kai M. Siegbahn
1980 James Watson Cronin, Val Logsdon Fitch
1979 Sheldon Lee Glashow, Abdus Salam, Steven Weinberg
1978 Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, Arno Allan Penzias, Robert Woodrow Wilson
1977 Philip Warren Anderson, Sir Nevill Francis Mott, John Hasbrouck van Vleck
1976 Burton Richter, Samuel Chao Chung Ting
1975 Aage Niels Bohr, Ben Roy Mottelson, Leo James Rainwater
1974 Sir Martin Ryle, Antony Hewish
1973 Leo Esaki, Ivar Giaever, Brian David Josephson
1972 John Bardeen, Leon Neil Cooper, John Robert Schrieffer
1971 Dennis Gabor
1970 Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén, Louis Eugène Félix Néel
1969 Murray Gell-Mann
1968 Luis Walter Alvarez
1967 Hans Albrecht Bethe
1966 Alfred Kastler
1965 Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger, Richard P. Feynman
1964 Charles Hard Townes, Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov, Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov
1963 Eugene Paul Wigner, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, J. Hans D. Jensen
1962 Lev Davidovich Landau
1961 Robert Hofstadter, Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer
1960 Donald Arthur Glaser
1959 Emilio Gino Segrè, Owen Chamberlain
1958 Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Il´ja Mikhailovich Frank, Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm
1957 Chen Ning Yang, Tsung-Dao (T.D.) Lee
1956 William Bradford Shockley, John Bardeen, Walter Houser Brattain
1955 Willis Eugene Lamb, Polykarp Kusch
1954 Max Born, Walther Bothe
1953 Frits (Frederik) Zernike
1952 Felix Bloch, Edward Mills Purcell
1951 Sir John Douglas Cockcroft, Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton
1950 Cecil Frank Powell
1949 Hideki Yukawa
1948 Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett
1947 Sir Edward Victor Appleton
1946 Percy Williams Bridgman
1945 Wolfgang Pauli
1944 Isidor Isaac Rabi
1943 Otto Stern
1942 No Nobel Prize was awarded this year.
1941 No Nobel Prize was awarded this year.
1940 No Nobel Prize was awarded this year.
1939 Ernest Orlando Lawrence
1938 Enrico Fermi
1937 Clinton Joseph Davisson, George Paget Thomson
1936 Victor Franz Hess, Carl David Anderson
1935 James Chadwick
1934 No Nobel Prize was awarded this year.
1933 Erwin Schrödinger, Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac
1932 Werner Karl Heisenberg
1931 No Nobel Prize was awarded this year.
1930 Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
1929 Prince Louis-Victor Pierre Raymond de Broglie
1928 Owen Willans Richardson
1927 Arthur Holly Compton, Charles Thomson Rees Wilson
1926 Jean Baptiste Perrin
1925 James Franck, Gustav Ludwig Hertz
1924 Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn
1923 Robert Andrews Millikan
1922 Niels Henrik David Bohr
1921 Albert Einstein
1920 Charles Edouard Guillaume
1919 Johannes Stark
1918 Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck
1917 Charles Glover Barkla
1916 No Nobel Prize was awarded this year.
1915 Sir William Henry Bragg, William Lawrence Bragg
1914 Max von Laue
1913 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
1912 Nils Gustaf Dalén
1911 Wilhelm Wien
1910 Johannes Diderik van der Waals
1909 Guglielmo Marconi, Karl Ferdinand Braun
1908 Gabriel Lippmann
1907 Albert Abraham Michelson
1906 Joseph John Thomson
1905 Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard
1904 Lord Rayleigh (John William Strutt)
1903 Antoine Henri Becquerel, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, née Sklodowska
1902 Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, Pieter Zeeman
1901 Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen

XIX Commonwealth Games 2010 Conclude

The 2010 Commonwealth Games which began on October 3,2010 came to a close on October 14, 2010 in New Delhi Around 7000 athletes from 71 Commonwealth nation and dependencies competed in 21 sports and 272 events. The opening and closing ceremonies were held at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium – the main stadium of the event. The final medal tally was led by Australia by grabbing 177 medals. The Host nation India gave its strongest and most splendid ever performance to emerge second in medal tally followed by England which was placed third in the tally. India eventually more than doubled its medals tally of the previous Games in Melbourne. India had finished fourth in 2002 and
2006.
Top 20 Medal Winners Countries:
Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
Australia 74 55 48 177
India 38 27 36 101
England 37 59 46 142
Canada 26 17 32 75
South Africa 12 11 10 33
Kenya 12 11 9 32
Malaysia 12 10 13 35
Singapore 11 11 9 31
Nigeria 11 10 14 35
Scotland 9 10 7 26
New Zealand 6 22 8 36
Cyprus 4 3 5 12
Northern Ireland 3 3 4 10
Samoa 3 0 1 4
Wales 2 7 10 19
Jamaica 2 4 1 7
Pakistan 2 1 2 5
Uganda 2 0 0 2
Bahamas 1 1 3 5
Nauru 1 1 0 2
India’s Final Medal Tally Category-wise:
S.No Sports Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Shooter 14 11 5 30
2 Wrestling 10 5 4 19
3 Archer 3 1 4 8
4 Weightlifting 2 2 4 8
5 Tennis 1 l 2 4
6 Athletics 2 3 7 12
7 Gymnastics 1 1 2
8 Table Tennis 1 1 3 5
9 Badminton 1 1 2
10 Boxing 3 4 7
11 Para-swimming 1 1
12 Hockey – m 1 1
13 Badminton 1 1

Total 38 26 35 101

Indian Gold Medalists at XIX Commonwealth Games 2010

India won more Gold medals than it had won before in one games. It took 38 Gold Medals, its previous record was 30 in 2002. With its 101 medals in total, India finished runner-up in the medal tally and became the fourth Commonwealth Games Association to reach the century mark in one games.  Every host nation of the Commonwealth Games has beaten its previous record number of medals, and India has joined that list in 2010.
List of all Indian Gold Medalists winners at XIX Commonwealth Games 2010 Delhi:
Name of Players/Winners Game/Sports
1. Gagan Narang & Abhinav Bindra (Pairs) Shooting -10m Air Rifle
2. Anisa Sayyed & Rahi Sarnobat Shooting – 25m Pistol (pairs)
3. Ravinder Singh wrestling – 60 kg .
4. Sanjay Wrestling – 74 Kg. .
5. Anil Kumar wrestling – 96 kg .
6. Gagan Narang shooting – 10m Air Rifle
7. Anisa Sayyed Shooting – 25m Pistol
8. Omkar Singh shooting – 50m Pistol
9. Renu bale Chanu Weightlifiting - 58 kg
10. Rajinder Kumar wrestling – 55 Kg.
11. Ravi Kumar Weightlifting - 175 kg
12. Vijay Kumar & Gurpreet S. Shooting 25m Rapid Fire Pistol
13. Gurpreet Singh & Omkar Singh Shooting 10m Air Pistol
14. Geeta Phogat wrestling 55 kg
15. Recurve Team Women Archery
16. Gagan Imran H Khan shooting 50 m Rifle
17. Vijay Kumar shooting 25 m Rapid Fire Pistol
18. Alka Tomar wrestling 59 kg
19. Anita wrestling 67 kg FS
20. Omkar Singh Shooting 10m Airpistol
21. Vijay Kumar + Harpreet Singh Shooting 25m Centre Fire Pistol Pairs
22. Gagan Narang Shooting 50m Rifle
23. Yogeshwar Dutt Wrestling 60 kg
24. Narsingh Pancham Wrestling 74 kg
25. Deepika Kumari Archery (Women-Recurve individual)
26. Harpreet Singh Shooting 25m Centrefire Pistol
27. Rahul Banerjee Archery
28. Sushil Kumar wrestling (66 kg)
29. Somdev Burman Tennis (Singles)
30. Krishna Poonia Athletics – Discus (W)
31. Anuraj Singh + Heena Sidhu Shooting (Pairs 10m Air Pistol)
32. Women Relay Team Ashwini A.C./Chitra K. Soman/Sini Jose / Jauna Murmu Athletics – 4 x 400
33. Achanta + Saha Table Tennis (Doubles)
34. Suronjay S Boxing (52 kg )
35. Manoj Kumar Boxing (64 kg )
36. Paramjeet Samota Boxing (Super Heavy Weight)
37. Jawala G. + Ashwini P. Badminton – doubles
38. Sania Nehwal Badminton

ESPN ESPY Awards 2010 Winners

  • BEST MALE ATHLETE: Drew Brees, NFL
  • BEST FEMALE ATHLETE: Lindsey Vonn, Skiing
  • BEST PLAY: Brett Favre, Vikings
  • ESPY PERSEVERANCE AWARD: George Karl, Nuggets
  • BEST CHAMPIONSHIP PERFORMANCE: Drew Brees
  • BEST BREAKTHROUGH ATHLETE: Chris Johnson, Tennessee
  • BEST RECORD-BREAKING PERFORMANCE: Isner vs. Mahut at Wimbledon
  • BEST UPSET: Northern Iowa shocks No. 1 Kansas, Men’s Basketball
  • BEST MOMENT: Landon Donovan World Cup vs. Algeria
  • BEST TEAM: New Orleans Saints
  • UNDER PRESSURE AWARD: Landon Donovan World Cup vs. Algeria
  • BEST SPORTS MOVIE: The Blind Side
  • BEST COACH/MANAGER: Phil Jackson, Los Angeles Lakers
  • BEST NFL PLAYER: Drew Brees, New Orleans
  • BEST MLB PLAYER: Albert Pujols, St. Louis
  • BEST NBA PLAYER: Kobe Bryant, LA Lakers
  • BEST DRIVER: Jimmie Johnson
  • BEST NBA PLAYER: Kobe Bryant, LA Lakers
  • BEST WNBA PLAYER: Diana Taurasi, Phoenix
  • BEST FIGHTER: Floyd Mayweather
  • BEST MALE GOLFER: Phil Mickelson
  • BEST FEMALE GOLFER: Lorena Ochoa
  • BEST MALE TENNIS PLAYER: Roger Federer
  • BEST FEMALE TENNIS PLAYER: Serena Williams
  • BEST MALE COLLEGE ATHLETE: John Wall, Kentucky Basketball
  • BEST FEMALE COLLEGE ATHLETE: Maya Moore, Connecticut Women’s Basketball
  • BEST MALE ACTION SPORT ATHLETE: Shaun White, Snowboard
  • BEST FEMALE ACTION SPORT ATHLETE: Torah Bright, Snowboarding
  • BEST JOCKEY: Calvin Borel
  • BEST MALE ATHLETE WITH A DISABILITY: Steve Cash
  • BEST FEMALE ATHLETE WITH A DISABILITY: Amy Palmiero-Winters
  • BEST BOWLER: Walter Ray Williams Jr.
  • BEST MALE US OLYMPIC ATHLETE: Shaun White, Snowboarding
  • BEST FEMALE US OLYMPIC ATHLETE: Lindsey Vonn, Skiing
  • BEST MLS PLAYER: Landon Donovan, Los Angeles
  • BEST TRACK AND FIELD ATHLETE: Usain Bolt

Arjuna Award Winners – 2010

Winner/Player Game/Sport
Krishna Punia Athletics
Joseph Abraham Athletics
Dinesh Kumar Boxing
Parimarjan Negi Chess
Jhulan Goswami Cricket
Deepak Mondal Football
Sunil Chettri Football
Rajiv Tomar Wrestling
Sandeep Singh Hockey
Jasjit Kaur Hockey
Jajseer Singh Paralympics
Dinesh Kabaddi
Kapil Dev Volleyball
Rehan Poncha Swimming
Sanjeev Rajput Shooting

Winners of 57th National Film Awards

Best Actor – Amitabh Bachchan (Paa)
Best Actress – Ananya Chatterjee (Abohoman)
Best Director – Rituparno Ghosh (Abohoman)
Best Film – Kutty Srank (Malayalam)
Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment – 3 Idiots
Nargis Dutt award for Best Film with Social Message – Delhi-6
Best Children’s Film – Putaani Party (kannada) Keshu(Malayalam)
Best Screen Play: Harikrishnan, PF Mathews(Kutty Srank-Malayalam)
Best Music – Amit Trivedi (Dev D)
Best Playback Singer (Male) – Rupam Islam (Mahanagar)
Best Playback Singer (Female) – Nilanjana Sarkar (Housefull)
Best Background Score – Illayaraja(Film-Pazhassiraja)
Best Lyrics Award – Swanand Kirkere (Behti Hawa Sa -3 Idiots)
Best Supporting Actor – Farooque Sheikh (Lahore)
Best Supporting Actress – Arundhati Naag (Paa)
Best Film on Social Awareness – Well Done Abba
Best Cinematography – Anjali Shukla (Kutty Srank)
Best Choreography – K Shivashankar (Magadheera)
Best Audiography – Resul Pookutty (Pazhassi Raja (film))
Best Special Effects – Kamal Kannan (Magadheera)(Telugu)

Nobel Awardees for Nobel Economics Prize

Year Name of Awardee
2010 Peter A. Diamond, Dale T. Mortensen, Christopher A. Pissarides
2009 Elinor Ostrom, Oliver E. Williamson
2008 Paul Krugman
2007 Leonid Hurwicz, Eric S. Maskin, Roger B. Myerson
2006 Edmund S. Phelps
2005 Robert J. Aumann, Thomas C. Schelling
2004 Finn E. Kydland, Edward C. Prescott
2003 Robert F. Engle III, Clive W.J. Granger
2002 Daniel Kahneman, Vernon L. Smith
2001 George A. Akerlof, A. Michael Spence, Joseph E. Stiglitz
2000 James J. Heckman, Daniel L. McFadden
1999 Robert A. Mundell
1998 Amartya Sen
1997 Robert C. Merton, Myron S. Scholes
1996 James A. Mirrlees, William Vickrey
1995 Robert E. Lucas Jr.
1994 John C. Harsanyi, John F. Nash Jr., Reinhard Selten
1993 Robert W. Fogel, Douglass C. North
1992 Gary S. Becker
1991 Ronald H. Coase
1990 Harry M. Markowitz, Merton H. Miller, William F. Sharpe
1989 Trygve Haavelmo
1988 Maurice Allais
1987 Robert M. Solow
1986 James M. Buchanan Jr.
1985 Franco Modigliani
1984 Richard Stone
1983 Gerard Debreu
1982 George J. Stigler
1981 James Tobin
1980 Lawrence R. Klein
1979 Theodore W. Schultz, Sir Arthur Lewis
1978 Herbert A. Simon
1977 Bertil Ohlin, James E. Meade
1976 Milton Friedman
1975 Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich, Tjalling C. Koopmans
1974 Gunnar Myrdal, Friedrich August von Hayek
1973 Wassily Leontief
1972 John R. Hicks, Kenneth J. Arrow
1971 Simon Kuznets
1970 Paul A. Samuelson
1969 Ragnar Frisch, Jan Tinbergen

Nobel Awardees for Nobel Physiology Medicine Prize

Year Name of Awardee
2010 Robert G. Edwards
2009 Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider, Jack W. Szostak
2008 Harald zur Hausen, Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Luc Montagnier
2007 Mario R. Capecchi, Sir Martin J. Evans, Oliver Smithies
2006 Andrew Z. Fire, Craig C. Mello
2005 Barry J. Marshall, J. Robin Warren
2004 Richard Axel, Linda B. Buck
2003 Paul C. Lauterbur, Sir Peter Mansfield
2002 Sydney Brenner, H. Robert Horvitz, John E. Sulston
2001 Leland H. Hartwell, Tim Hunt, Sir Paul M. Nurse
2000 Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard, Eric R. Kandel
1999 Günter Blobel
1998 Robert F. Furchgott, Louis J. Ignarro, Ferid Murad
1997 Stanley B. Prusiner
1996 Peter C. Doherty, Rolf M. Zinkernagel
1995 Edward B. Lewis, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Eric F. Wieschaus
1994 Alfred G. Gilman, Martin Rodbell
1993 Richard J. Roberts, Phillip A. Sharp
1992 Edmond H. Fischer, Edwin G. Krebs
1991 Erwin Neher, Bert Sakmann
1990 Joseph E. Murray, E. Donnall Thomas
1989 J. Michael Bishop, Harold E. Varmus
1988 Sir James W. Black, Gertrude B. Elion, George H. Hitchings
1987 Susumu Tonegawa
1986 Stanley Cohen, Rita Levi-Montalcini
1985 Michael S. Brown, Joseph L. Goldstein
1984 Niels K. Jerne, Georges J.F. Köhler, César Milstein
1983 Barbara McClintock
1982 Sune K. Bergström, Bengt I. Samuelsson, John R. Vane
1981 Roger W. Sperry, David H. Hubel, Torsten N. Wiesel
1980 Baruj Benacerraf, Jean Dausset, George D. Snell
1979 Allan M. Cormack, Godfrey N. Hounsfield
1978 Werner Arber, Daniel Nathans, Hamilton O. Smith
1977 Roger Guillemin, Andrew V. Schally, Rosalyn Yalow
1976 Baruch S. Blumberg, D. Carleton Gajdusek
1975 David Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco, Howard Martin Temin
1974 Albert Claude, Christian de Duve, George E. Palade
1973 Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz, Nikolaas Tinbergen
1972 Gerald M. Edelman, Rodney R. Porter
1971 Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.
1970 Sir Bernard Katz, Ulf von Euler, Julius Axelrod
1969 Max Delbrück, Alfred D. Hershey, Salvador E. Luria
1968 Robert W. Holley, Har Gobind Khorana, Marshall W. Nirenberg
1967 Ragnar Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline, George Wald
1966 Peyton Rous, Charles Brenton Huggins
1965 François Jacob, André Lwoff, Jacques Monod
1964 Konrad Bloch, Feodor Lynen
1963 Sir John Carew Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Andrew Fielding Huxley
1962 Francis Harry Compton Crick, James Dewey Watson, Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins
1961 Georg von Békésy
1960 Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Peter Brian Medawar
1959 Severo Ochoa, Arthur Kornberg
1958 George Wells Beadle, Edward Lawrie Tatum, Joshua Lederberg
1957 Daniel Bovet
1956 André Frédéric Cournand, Werner Forssmann, Dickinson W. Richards
1955 Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell
1954 John Franklin Enders, Thomas Huckle Weller, Frederick Chapman Robbins
1953 Hans Adolf Krebs, Fritz Albert Lipmann
1952 Selman Abraham Waksman
1951 Max Theiler
1950 Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeus Reichstein, Philip Showalter Hench
1949 Walter Rudolf Hess, Antonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz
1948 Paul Hermann Müller
1947 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Gerty Theresa Cori, née Radnitz, Bernardo Alberto Houssay
1946 Hermann Joseph Muller
1945 Sir Alexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain, Sir Howard Walter Florey
1944 Joseph Erlanger, Herbert Spencer Gasser
1943 Henrik Carl Peter Dam, Edward Adelbert Doisy
1942 No Nobel Prize was awarded this year.
1941 No Nobel Prize was awarded this year.
1940 No Nobel Prize was awarded this year.
1939 Gerhard Domagk
1938 Corneille Jean François Heymans
1937 Albert von Szent-Györgyi Nagyrápolt
1936 Sir Henry Hallett Dale, Otto Loewi
1935 Hans Spemann
1934 George Hoyt Whipple, George Richards Minot, William Parry Murphy
1933 Thomas Hunt Morgan
1932 Sir Charles Scott Sherrington, Edgar Douglas Adrian
1931 Otto Heinrich Warburg
1930 Karl Landsteiner
1929 Christiaan Eijkman, Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins
1928 Charles Jules Henri Nicolle
1927 Julius Wagner-Jauregg
1926 Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger
1925 No Nobel Prize was awarded this year.
1924 Willem Einthoven
1923 Frederick Grant Banting, John James Rickard Macleod
1922 Archibald Vivian Hill, Otto Fritz Meyerhof
1921 No Nobel Prize was awarded this year.
1920 Schack August Steenberg Krogh
1919 Jules Bordet
1918 No Nobel Prize was awarded this year.
1917 No Nobel Prize was awarded this year.
1916 No Nobel Prize was awarded this year.
1915 No Nobel Prize was awarded this year.
1914 Robert Bárány
1913 Charles Robert Richet
1912 Alexis Carrel
1911 Allvar Gullstrand
1910 Albrecht Kossel
1909 Emil Theodor Kocher
1908 Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, Paul Ehrlich
1907 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
1906 Camillo Golgi, Santiago Ramón y Cajal
1905 Robert Koch
1904 Ivan Petrovich Pavlov
1903 Niels Ryberg Finsen
1902 Ronald Ross
1901 Emil Adolf von Behring

Recipients of Dadasaheb Phalke Award

The Dadasaheb Phalke Award is an annual award given by the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting for lifetime contribution to Indian cinema. It was instituted in 1969, the birth centenary year of Dadasaheb Phalke, considered the father of Indian cinema.
Following is the list of award winners:
Name of Awardee Year Occupation/Field
D. Ramanaidu 2009 Producer
V. K. Murthy 2008 Cinematographer
Manna Dey 2007 Playback Singer
Tapan Sinha 2006 Director
Shyam Benegal 2005 Director
Adoor Gopalakrishnan 2004 Director
Mrinal Sen 2003 Director
Dev Anand 2002 Actor, Director, Producer
Yash Chopra 2001 Director, Producer
Asha Bhosle 2000 Playback Singer
Hrishikesh Mukherjee 1999 Director
B.R. Chopra 1998 Director, Producer
Pradeep 1997 Lyricist
Sivaji Ganesan 1996 Actor
Rajkumar 1995 Actor
Dilip Kumar 1994 Actor
Majrooh Sultanpuri 1993 Lyricist
Bhupen Hazarika 1992 Director
Bhalji Pendharkar 1991 Director, Producer, Screenwriter
Akkineni Nageswara Rao 1990 Actor
Lata Mangeshkar 1989 Playback Singer
Ashok Kumar 1988 Actor
Raj Kapoor 1987 Actor, Director
B. Nagi Reddy 1986 Producer
V. Shantaram 1985 Actor, Director, Producer
Satyajit Ray 1984 Director
Durga Khote 1983 Actress
L. V. Prasad 1982 Actor, Director, Producer
Naushad Ali 1981 Music Director
Paidi Jairaj 1980 Actor, Director
Sohrab Modi 1979 Actor, Director, Producer
Rai Chand Boral 1978 Music Director, Director
Nitin Bose 1977 Cinematographer, Director, Screenwriter
Kanan Devi 1976 Actress
Dhirendranath Ganguly 1975 Actor, Director
Bomireddi Narasimha Reddy 1974 Director
Ruby Myers (Sulochana) 1973 Actress
Pankaj Mullick 1972 Music Director
Prithviraj Kapoor 1971 Actor (Posthumous)
B. N. Sircar 1970 Producer
Devika Rani Chaudhuri Roerich 1969 Actress

Recipients of Jnanpith Award

The Jnanpith Award is the highest literary award in India. It is presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith, a trust founded by the Sahu Jain family, the publishers of The Times of India newspaper. The Jnanpith Award is given to any Indian writer for his or her outstanding contribution in any of the 18 languages mentioned in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. It is given for outstanding contribution to creative writing in a specified period of 15 years but excluding the five years immediately preceding the year.
Following is the list of the Jnanpith Awardees, so far:
Laureates Awarded Year Language
Akhlaq Khan Shahryar 2008 Urdu
O. N. V. Kurup 2007 Malayalam
Satyavrat Shastri 2006 Sanskrit
Ravindra Kelekar 2006 Konkani
Kunwar Narain 2005 Hindi
Rahman Rahi 2004 Kashmiri
Vinda Karandikar 2003 Marathi
D. Jayakanthan 2002 Tamil
Rajendra Shah 2001 Gujarati
Indira Goswami 2000 Assamese
Nirmal Verma 1999 Hindi
Gurdial Singh 1999 Punjabi
Girish Karnad 1998 Kannada
Ali Sardar Jafri 1997 Urdu
Mahasveta Devi 1996 Bangla
M.T. Vasudevan Nair 1995 Malayalam
U.R. Anantha Murthy 1994 Kannada
Sitakant Mahapatra 1993 Oriya
Naresh Mehta 1992 Hindi
Subhash Mukhopadhyaya 1991 Bangla
V.K. Gokak 1990 Kannada
Qurratulain Hyder 1989 Urdu
C. Narayana Reddy 1988 Telugu
V.V.S. ‘Kusumagraj’ 1987 Marathi
Satchidanand Rautroy 1986 Oriya
Pannalal Patel 1985 Gujarati
Thakazhi S. Pillai 1984 Malayalam
Masti V. Iyengar 1983 Kannada
Mahadevi Varma 1982 Hindi
Amrita Pritam 1981 Punjabi
S.K. Pottekkatt 1980 Malayalam,
B.K. Bhattacharya 1979 Assamese
S.H.V. Ajneya 1978 Hindi
K.S. Karanth 1977 Kannada
Ashapurna Devi 1976 Bangla
P.V. Akilandam 1975 Tamil
V.S. Khandekar 1974 Marathi
D.R. Bendre 1973 Kannada,
Gopinath Mohanty 1973 Oriya
Ramdhari Singh `Dinkar’ 1972 Hindi
Bishnu Dey 1971 Bangla
V. Satyanarayana 1970 Telugu
Firaq Gorakhpuri 1969 Urdu
Sumitranandan Pant 1968 Hindi
Uma Shankar Joshi 1967 Gujarati
K.V. Puttappa 1967 Kannada
T.S. Bandyopadhyaya 1966 Bangla
G. Sankara Kurup 1965 Malayalam

International Trophies Associated with Sports

Below the list of International Trophies and awards with associated games and sports:
Games/Sports Trophies/Awards
Air Races King’s Cup 
Badminton  Thomas Cup 
Badminton (Women) Uber Cup 
Basketball William’s Cup 
Cricket Ashes 
Cricket Benson and Hedges 
Cricket World Cup 
Cricket Reliance Cup 
Cricket Rothman’s Trophy 
Football Colombo Cup 
Football Merdeka Cup 
Football European Champions Cup 
Golf Canada Cup 
Golf Rydet Cup 
Golf Walker Cup 
Golf Eisenhower Cup 
Hockey World Cup 
Hockey Essande Champions Cup 
Hockey Rene Frank Trophy 
Horse Race Derby 
Horse Streple Chase Race Grand National 
Lawn Tennis Davis Cup 
Lawn Tennis Wightman Cup 
Lawn Tennis Edgbaston Cup 
Lawn Tennis Grand Prix 
Polo Westchester Cup 
Table Tennis Grand Prix 
Table Tennis (Men) Swaythling Cup 
Table Tennis (Women) Corbitton Cup 
Tennis U. Thant Cup 
Weight-lifting  World Cup 
World Soccer Cup Jules Rimet Trophy 
Yacht Racing American Cup