Showing posts with label Organisations. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Organisations. Show all posts

Monday, April 11, 2011

Important Days

Important Days

January 9NRI Day
January 10World Laughter Day
January 12National Youth Day
January 15Army Day
January 26India's Republic Day, International Customs Day
January 30Martyrs' Day; World Leprosy Eradication Day
2nd Sunday of FebruaryWorld Marriage Day
February 24Central Excise Day
February 28National Science Day
Second Monday MarchCommonwealth Day
March 8International Women's Day; Intl. literacy Day
March 15World Disabled Day; World Consumer Rights Day
March 18Ordnance Factories Day (India)
March 21World Forestry Day; International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
March 22World Day for Water
March 23World Meteorological Day
March 24World TB Day
April 5International Day for Mine Awareness; National Maritime Day
April 7World Health Day
April 17World Haemophilia Day
April 18World Heritage Day
April 21Secretaries' Day
 April 22Earth Day
April 23World Book and Copyright Day
May 1Workers' Day (International Labour Day)
May 3Press Freedom Day; World Asthma Day
May 2nd SundayMother's Day
May 4Coal Miners' Day
May 8World Red Cross Day
May 9World Thalassaemia Day
May 11National Technology Day
May 12World Hypertension Day; International Nurses Day
May 15International Day of the Family
May 17World Telecommunication Day
May 24Commonwealth Day
May 31Anti-tobacco Day
June 4International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression
June 5World Environment Day
June 3rd SundayFather's Day
June 14World Blood Donor Day
June 26International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
July 1Doctor's Day
July 6World Zoonoses Day
July 11World Population Day
August 3Internatioal Friendship Day
August 6Hiroshima Day
August 8World Senior Citizen's Day
August 9Quit India Day, Nagasaki Day
August 15Indian Independence Day
August 18IntI. Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples
August 19Photography Day
August 29National Sports Day
September 2Coconut Day
September 5Teachers' Day; Sanskrit Day
September 8World Literacy Day (UNESCO)
 September 15Engineers' Day
September 16World Ozone Day
September 21Alzheimer's Day; Day for Peace & Non-violence (UN)
September 22Rose Day (Welfare of cancer patients)
September 26Day of the Deaf
September 27World Tourism Day
October 1International Day for the Elderly
October 2Gandhi Jayanthi
October 3World Habitat Day
October 4World Animal Welfare Day
October 8Indian Air Force Day
October 9World Post Office Day
October 10National Post Day
October 2nd ThursdayWorld Sight Day
October 13UN International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction
October 14World Standards Day
October 15World White Cane Day (guiding the blind)
October 16World Food Day
October 24UN Day; World Development Information Day
October 30World Thrift Day
November 9Legal Services Day
November 14Children's Day; Diabetes Day
November 17National Epilepsy Day
November 20Africa Industrialisation Day
November 29International Day of Solidarity with Palestinian People
December 1World AIDS Day
December 3World Day of the Handicapped
December 4Indian Navy Day
December 7Indian Armed Forces Flag Day
December 10Human Rights Day; IntI. Children's Day of Broadcasting
December 18Minorities Rights Day (India)
December 23Kisan Divas (Farmer's Day) (India)

International Treaties and Agreements

International Treaties and Agreements

The Simla Agreement
Signed by the P.M. of India and the President of Pakistan in 1971, the Agreement had following provisions :
  • to normalise relationship between the two countries,
  • to withdraw from the territories seized by them,
  • communications would be resumed.
Antarctic Treaty : It is an agreement signed on December 1, 1959 between 12 nations with an interest in Antarctic. These countries are: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, the erstwhile USSR (CIS), the U.K. and the US. In all, 39 countries became party to it by 1990 when Austria, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Columbia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Ecuador, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Italy, South Korea, North Korea, the Netherlands, Papua New. Guinea, Peru, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and Uruguay also acceded to the treaty. The treaty reserves the Antarctic area south of 60' south latitude for peaceful purposes, provides for international cooperation in scientific investigation and research, and preserves.

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)
Signed in 1968, NPT came into force in 1970. Its main points are as follows :
  • nuclear powers will not transfer nuclear weapons or control over them to any recipient.
  • non-nuclear countries agree neither to receive the weapons nor to manufacture them.
  • nuclear know-how will be made available to the non-nuclear states for peaceful purposes.

    Originally, for a period of 25 years, NPI was extended indefinitely in 1995. India, Israel and Pakistan have not signed the NPI citing various reasons.
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)
This treaty was approved by US General Assembly in 1996. India, Iran and Libya voted against it. India is under constant pressure to sign it.
Indo-Russian Friendship Treaty
This treaty was signed by the then P.M. of India and the then President of Russia in 1993. Its main provisions are as follows :
  • to develop cooperation in political, trade, economic, scientific, technical, cultural and other fields.
  • to promote relations in defence, commerce, science and technology and culture.
  • to work together for achievement of a world without armaments.
  • to support territorial intensity of each other.
Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START-II)
Signed by the then Russian and American Presidents in 1993, its main provisions are :
  • to reduce nuclear warheads.
  • to eliminate all Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles.
  • to reduce nuclear warheads at submarine-based ballistic missiles.
  • to limit nuclear warheads with which heavy bombers can be equipped.
Chemical Weapons Convention
The Chemical Weapons Convention came into force on April 29, 1997. The signatory states have undertaken to destroy existing stock of chemical weapons by 2007. 164 countries have signed the convention which was first opened to signature in Paris on January 13, 1993. About 75 countries have ratified it.
Human Cloning Agreement
On January, 12, 1998, Nineteen European nations signed an agreement banning human cloning. On January 17, 186 member states of UNESCO adopted a declaration denouncing human cloning.

Important Organisations

The United Nations
  • Structure
  • The General Assembly
  • The Security Council
  • The Economic and Social Council (ECO-SOC)
  • The Trusteeship Council
  • The International Court of Justice
  • Secretary General of the UN
  • United Nations Member States
  • Specialized Agencies of the UN
  • Important Years Observed by UNO
  • Contemporary United Nations International Decade
Other Important International Organisations

  • The Commonwealth
  • NATO
  • EEC
  • OAS
  • The Arab League
  • AU
  • OPEC
  • NAM
  • Asian Development Bank
  • EFTA
  • ESA
  • ICRC
  • Group of Eight
  • Group of 77
  • Group of Fifteem
  • Group of Twenty
  • South Commission
  • OECD
  • APEC

Heads of Important Offices (World)

Ban Ki-moon : Secretary-General, United Nations Organisation.
Ms. Asha-Rose Migiro : First Deputy Secretary-General, UN.
Lt. Gen. Ahmad Shuja Pasha: Military Adviser to UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations.
Robert Zoellick : President, World Bank.
Dominic Strauss-Kahn: Managing Director, International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Irina Bokova: Director-General-UNESCO.
Dr. Margaret Chan: Director-General, WHO.
Jacques Diouf: Director-General, Food and Agricultural Organisation.
Juan Somavia : Director-General, International Labour Organisation.
Anthony Lake : Executive Director, United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF).
Antonio Guterres : UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
Helen Clark : Administrator, United Nations Development Programme.
Dr. Supachai Panitchpakdi : Secretary-General, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
Angel Gurria : Secretary-General, Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
Ms. Rosalyn Higgins: President, International Court of Justice.
Haruhiko Kuroda: President, Asian Development Bank.
Donald Kaberuka : President, African Development Bank.
Jacques Rogge: President, International Olympic Committee.
Kamalesh Sharma: Secretary-General, Commonwealth.
Harshvardhana Singh: Deputy Director-General, WTO.
Bingu Wa Mutharika : Chairman, African Union.
Pascal Lamy : Director-General, WTO.
Ms. Navanethan Pillay : High Commissioner, UN High Commission for Human Rights.
Jerzy Buzek : President, European Union
Sharad Pawar: President, International Cricket Council.
Hosni Mubarak: Secretary-General, Non-Aligned Movement.
Jose Manuel Durao Barroso: President, European Commission.
Kandeh K. Yumkella : Director-General, UNIDO.
Abdul-Rahman bin Hamad Al-Attiyah: Secretary-General, Gulf Co-operation Council.
Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu : Secretary-General, Organisation of Islamic Conference.
Abdallah Salem el-Badri: Secretary-General, Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
Jose Miguel Insulza Salinas: Secretary-General, Organisation of American States.
Hifikepunye Pohamba : President, South-West African People's Organisation (SWAPO).
Mr. Yukiya Amano : Director- General, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
Anders Fogh Rasmussen : Secretary-General, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO).
Dr. Abdul Waheed Khan: Director, Commonwealth of Learning.
Hashim Abdul Halim : Chairman, Commonwealth Parliamentary Association.
Ms. Thoraya Ahmed Obaid : Executive Director, UNFPA.
Dr. Surin Pitsuwan : Secretary-General, ASEAN.
Q. A. M. A. Rahim : Secretary-General, SAARC
Lamine Diack : President, International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF).
Michael Griffin : Chief of NASA (USA).
Salil Shetty: Secretary-General, Amnesty International.

Heads of Important Offices (India)

Heads of Important Offices (India)
Dr. Manmohan Singh: Chairman, Planning Commission.
Ms. Meira Kumar: Speaker, Lok Sabha.
Mohammad Hamid Ansari: Chairman, Rajya Sabha.
Mr. K. Rahman Khan: Deputy Chairman, Rajya Sabha.
Mr. Karia Munda: Deputy Speaker, Lok Sabha.
Mrs. Sushma Swaraj : Leader of Opposition (Lok Sabha).
Mr. Arun Jaitley: Leader of Opposition (Rajya Sabha).
Dr. Montek Singh Ahluwalia: Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission.
Mr. S. Y. Quraishi: Chief Election Commissioner
Mr. V. S. Sampath : Election Commissioner.
Mr. Harishankar Brahma : Election Commissioner.
Mr. Vinod Rai : Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
Mr. Justice K. G. Balakrishnan : Chairperson, National Human Right Commission (NHRC)
Mr. K. M. Chandrasekhar: Cabinet Secretary.
Mr. T. K. A. Nair : Principal Secretary to Prime Minister .
Mr. Justice M. N. Rao: Chairman, National Commission for Backward Classes.
Ms. Shanta Sinha: Chairperson, National Commission for Protection of Child Rights
Dr. Buta Singh: Chairman, National Commission for Scheduled Castes
Ms. Urmila Singh: Chairman, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes.
Prof. D. P. Agrawal: Chairman, UPSC.
Dr. M. S. Swaminathan : Chairman, National Commission on Farmers.
Mr. Shiv Shankar Menon: National Security Adviser and Special Adviser to PM (Internal Security).
Mr. S. C. Sinha : Director-General, National Investigation Agency (NIA).
Mr. S. S. Khurana: Chairman, Railway Board.
Mr. Vivek Kumar Agnihotri: Secretary-General, Rajya Sabha
Mr. T. K. Viswanathan : Secretary-General, Lok Sabha.
Mr. Nehchal Sandhu: Director, IB.
Mr. A. P. Singh: Director, CBI.
Mr. K. C. Verma: Director, Research and Analysis Wing.
Mr. R. K. Medhekar : Director-General, NSG.
Mr. Vijay Kumar : Director-General, CRPF.
Mr. Raman Srivastava : Director-General, Border Security Force (BSF).
Mr. Niraj Ranjan Das : Director-General, Central Industrial Security Force (CISF).
Mr. Ranjit Sinha: Director-General, Railway Protection Force.
Mr. R. K. Bhatia: Director-General, Indo-Tibetan Border Police.
Mr. Y. S. Dadwal : Director-General, Sashastra Seema Bal.
Vice-Admiral Anil Chopra: Director-General, Coast Guard.
Lt. Gen. Avtar Singh: Director-General, Defence Intelligence Agency.
Mr. Sukhadeo Thorat : Chairman, UGC.
Mr. V. K. Saraswat : Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister and Secretary, Defence Research & Development Organisation.
Dr. R. Chidambaram : Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government.
Mr. K. Radhakrishnan: Chairman, Space Commission and ISRO.
Mr. Srikumar Banerjee : Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission and Secretary, Dept. of Atomic Energy.
Mr. N. K. Raghupathy : Chairman, SSC.
Mr. Justice (Retd.) B. N. Kirpal: Chairman, National Forest Commission.
Dr. Amrita Patel: Chairperson, National Dairy Development Board (NDDB).
Lt. Gen. M. C. Badhani : Director-General, Border Roads Organisation.
Dr. Vishwa Mohan Katoch : Director-General, Indian Council of Medical Research.
Mr. C. Chandramouli : Registrar-General of India and Census Commissioner.
Mr. P. V. Reddy : Chairman, Law Commission.
Mr. Duvvuri Subbarao : Governor, RBI.
Mr. Justice G. N. Ray: Chairman, Press Council of India.
Mr. V. J. Darda : Chairman, Audit Bureau of Circulations (ABC).
Mr. S. S. N. Moorthy: Chairperson, Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT).
Mr. A. K. Singh: Chairman, Central Board of Excise & Customs.
Justice Arijit Pasayat : Chairperson, Competition Appellate Tribunal
Mr. S. K. Garg : CMD, NHPC.
Mr. R. S. Sharma: CMD, ONGC.
Mr. U. D. Choubey : CMD, GAIL.
Mr. S. Behuria : Chairman, IOC.
Mr. N. M. Borah: CMD, Oil India Ltd.
Mr. Ashok Ganguly: Chairman, CBSE.
Mr. C. B. Bhave: Chairman, Securities & Exchange Board of India.
Mr. U. C. Sarangi: Chairman, NABARD.
Mr. O. P. Bhat : Chairman, SBI.
Mr. V. P. Shetty : Chairman, IDBI.
Mr. S. Balasubramanian : Chairman, Company Law Board.
Mr. Hardeep Singh Puri : India's Permanent Representative to UN.
Mr. T. S. Vijayan : Chairman, LIC
Mr. A. K. Bajaj : Chairman, Central Water Commission.
Ms. Girija Vyas : Chairperson, National Commission for Women.
Dr. Vijay L. Kelkar: Chairman, 13th Finance Commission.
Prof. Suresh D. Tendulkar : Chairman, National Statistical Commission.
Ms. Shafmila Tagore : Chairperson, Central Board of Film Certification.
Dr. Gautam Sengupta : Director-General, Archaeological Survey of India.
Mr. Rajan Bharti Mittal : President, FICCI.
Mr. J. S. Sarma: Chairman, TRAI
Mr. R. N. Das : Director, Enforcement Directorate.
Mr. Yogesh Agarwal: Chairman, Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority.
Mr. P. J. Thomas : Central Vigilance Commissioner.
Dr. Ratan Kumar Sinha : Director, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre.
Mr. Wajahat Habibullah : Information Commissioner.
Mr. Suresh Kalmadi : President, Indian Olympic Association.
Prof. Krishan Kumar: Director, NCERT.
Mr. Hari S. Bharti: President, CII.
Mr. Sam Pitroda : Chairman, National Knowledge Commission.
Ms. Mrinal Pande : Chairman, Prasar Bharti Board.
Mr. Ratan Tata : Chairman, Investment Commission.
Mr. Harsh Manglik : Chairman, NASSCOM.
Mr. Swati Piramal: President, ASSOCHAM.
Mr. Om Puri : Chairman, National Film Development Corporation.
Mr. Ravindra Kumar: Chairman, United News of India.
Mr. N. Ravi : Chairman, PTI.
Mr. Hormusji N. Cama: President, Indian Newspaper Society.
Mr. Dilip Modi : President, The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM).