331,114 sq km (127,844 sq miles).
227.6 per sq km.
Vietnam shares borders to the north with the People's Republic of China and to the west with Laos and Cambodia. The South China Sea lies to the east and south. The land is principally agricultural with a central tropical rainforest.
Socialist republic since 1980. Gained independence from France in 1954. Head of State: Chairman Trân Duc Luong since 1997. Head of Government: Prime Minister Phan Van Khai since 1997.
Vietnamese is the official language. English, French, Chinese and occasionally Russian and German are spoken.
Buddhist majority. There are Taoist, Confucian, Hoa Hao, Caodaist and Christian (predominantly Roman Catholic) minorities.
GMT + 7.
220 volts AC, 50Hz.